Written By Shantel Mufandaidza - Created by the African Continental Free Trade Agreement in 2018, the African Continental Free Trade Area ("AfCFTA") came into effect on 1 January 2021. Since the World Trade Organization creation, the AfCFTA is the largest free trade area globally, with 54 out of 55 nations of the African Union, many of which have already ratified the agreement. Estimations forecast that this free trade area will positively impact Africa's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), resulting in welfare gains for citizens, facilitate trade growth, and improve Africa's trade deficit. While Africa has substantial natural resources, it has not received significant benefits from the extraction and export of such resources, particularly in oil & gas. Will AfCFTA have an impact on oil & gas industry exports?